Introduction in English

English Elefen
Lingua Franca Nova (“Elefen”) is a language designed to be particularly simple, consistent, and easy to learn for international communications. It has a number of positive qualities: Lingua Franca Nova (“elefen”) es un lingua desiniada per es vera simple, coerente, e fasil aprendeda, per comunica internasional. Lo ave cualias diversa:
1. It has a limited number of phonemes. It sounds similar to Italian or Spanish. 1. Lo ave un cuantia limitada de fonemes. Lo sona simil a italian o espaniol.
2. It is phonetically spelled. No child should have to spend years learning irregularities. 2. Lo es scriveda como lo sona. No enfante debe perde multe anios en studia esetas.
3. It has a completely regular grammar, similar to the world’s creoles. 3. Lo ave un gramatica vera simple e coerente, simil a la creoles de la mundo.
4. It has a limited and completely regular set of productive affixes for routine word derivation. 4. Lo ave un grupo limitada e tota coerente de afisas produinte per crea parolas nova.
5. It has well-defined rules for word order, in keeping with many major languages. 5. Lo ave regulas bon definida per la ordina de parolas, como multe linguas major.
6. Its vocabulary is strongly rooted in modern Romance languages. These languages are themselves widespread and influential, plus they have contributed the major part of English vocabulary. 6. Lo ave un lista de parolas fundida en la linguas romanica moderna. Esta linguas es comun e influosa, e ia contribui la parte major de parolas engles.
7. It is designed to be naturally accepting of Latin and Greek technical neologisms, the de facto “world standard”. 7. Lo es desiniada per aseta natural la parolas tecnical de latina e elenica, comun tra la mundo.
8. It is designed to seem relatively “natural” to those who are familiar with Romance languages, without being any more difficult for others to learn. 8. Lo es desiniada per apare “natural” per los ci comprende la linguas romanica, ma lo no es min fasil per otras.
We hope you like Elefen! Nos espera ce tu va gusta elefen!

The basics

Alphabet and pronunciation

Letter Pronunciation
a like a in “ah”
b like b in “boy”
c like c in “cat”
d like d in “dog”
e like e in “end” or ay in “may”
f like f in “fun”
g like g in “go”
h like h in “hat”
i like ee in “see” or y in “yes”
j like s in “treasure”
l like l in “low”
m like m in “map”
n like n in “new” or “ring”
o like o in “old” or aw “law”
p like p in “pen”
r like r in “roll”
s like s in “see”
t like t in “tea”
u like oo in “food” or w in “wed”
v like v in “view”
x like sh in “shop”
z like z in “zoo”

Word order

subject – verb – object:

particles – noun – adjectives:

auxiliaries – verb – adverbs:

preposition – noun:

Grammar

-s (or -es after consonants) forms the plural of nouns:

ia forms the past tense of verbs:

va is the future tense of verbs:

ta is the conditional mood (optional):

One verb can follow another if it has the same subject:

Intransitive verbs become causative simply by adding an object:

Add -nte to a verb to make the active participle, which acts as an adjective or noun:

Add -da to a verb to make the passive participle, which acts as an adjective or noun:

A verb can be used as a noun just as it is:

An adjective can be used as a noun the same way:

Adverbs are identical to adjectives:

to make a question, start with a question word or esce, and end with a question mark:

Some useful prefixes

des-   =   to undo

re-   =   to do over or again

non-   =   not, the opposite of

Some useful suffixes

-or   =   a person who, as part of his or her role or job, makes …, does …, or works with …

-ador   =   a tool, instrument, device, or machine which makes …, does …, or works with …

-eria   =   a place of work, a shop, or office

-able   =   capable or worthy of being the object of an action

-eta   =   miniature version, the young of a creature, inner clothing

-on   =   very large version, outer clothing

-ia   =   -ia after a noun or adjective makes it an abstract noun

-i   =   to become, or cause to become

-i   =   to use a tool, instrument, or machine

-i   =   fractions

Some very basic words

la the
un a, an
me I, me
tu you (singular)
el he, she, him, her
lo it
on one, they, we, people in general
nos we, us
vos you (plural)
los they, them
se himself, herself, itself, themselves
mea my
tua your (singular)
nosa our
vosa your (plural)
sua his, her, its, their
es be
ave have
dona give
dise say
vade go
vole want to
pote can, be able to
debe must, should, have to
esta this
acel that
tota all
cada each, every
cadun everyone
multe many, much
alga some
algun someone
poca few
nun nobody
an even
cual which, what
ce that (as in “I wish that I could”)
ci who, whom
cuando when
cuanto how much
do where
como how
perce why
car because
afin so that
plu more
min less
ca than
e and
o or
ma but
si if
si! yes!
no! no!
a at, to
ante before, in front of
asta up to, until
con with
contra opposite, against
de from, out of, since, of, concerning
en in, into
entre between, among, during
estra outside
par by someone
per for, in order to
pos behind, after
sin without, except
sirca around, approximately
su below, under
supra above, over
sur on
tra through
ultra across, past, beyond
zero 0
un 1
du 2
tre 3
cuatro 4
sinco 5
ses 6
sete 7
oto 8
nove 9
des 10
sento 100
mil 1000
alo hello
bon dia good day
bon note goodnight
como lo vade? how are you?
bon good
mal bad
grasias thanks
adio goodbye
om man
fem woman
xica girl
xico boy
ami friend
ama love
odia hate
oio eye
vide see
orea ear
oia hear
boca mouth
testa head
mano hand
dito finger
pede foot
colpa hit, kick
pasea walk
core run
gato cat
can dog
cavalo horse
bove cow
porco pig
gal chicken
avia bird
pex fish
flor flower
arbor tree
pais country
site city
vila village
casa house
ofisia office
otel hotel
scola school
restorante restaurant
auto car
tren train
avion airplane
barco boat
bisicle bicycle
gida lead, drive
vola fly
viaja travel
sala room
seja chair
table table
leto bed
telefon phone
entra enter
sorti exit
senta sit
usa use
camisa shirt
pantalon pants, trousers
falda skirt
roba dress
jaca coat
sapato shoe
xapo hat
porta carry, wear
vesti dress
desvesti undress
libro book
jornal magazine
pen pen
nota note
leje read
scrive write
anio year
mense month
dia day
ora hour
minuto minute
secondo second
tas cup
vitro glass
plato plate
force fork
cotel knife
culier spoon
carne meat
vejetal vegetable
poma apple
orania orange
pan bread
pasta pasta
ris rice
cosini cook
come eat
acua water
te tea
cafe coffee
bir beer
vino wine
bevi drink
sol sun
luna moon
pluve rain
neva snow
tera earth
mar sea
color colour
roja red
orania orange
jala yellow
verde green
blu dark blue
azul light blue
blanca white
negra black
brun brown
gris gray
grande big
peti small
longa long
corta short
distante far
prosima near
bela beautiful
fea ugly
cara dear, expensive
barata cheap
custa cost
paia pay
compra buy
vende sell
abrida open
cluida closed

Traduida par George Boeree.

Esta paje es presentada con la lisensa CC Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International.
Lo ia es automatada jenerada de la paje corespondente en la Vici de Elefen a 22 otobre 2020 (08:43 UTC).